Compressed wavefield extrapolation with curvelets

TitleCompressed wavefield extrapolation with curvelets
Publication TypeConference
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsTim T.Y. Lin, Felix J. Herrmann
Conference NameSEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts
KeywordsPresentation, SEG, SLIM

An explicit algorithm for the extrapolation of one-way wavefields is proposed which combines recent developments in information theory and theoretical signal processing with the physics of wave propagation. Because of excessive memory requirements, explicit formulations for wave propagation have proven to be a challenge in 3-D. By using ideas from ‘‘compressed sensing’’, we are able to formulate the (inverse) wavefield extrapolation problem on small subsets of the data volume, thereby reducing the size of the operators. According to compressed sensing theory, signals can successfully be recovered from an imcomplete set of measurements when the measurement basis is incoherent with the representation in which the wavefield is sparse. In this new approach, the eigenfunctions of the Helmholtz operator are recognized as a basis that is incoherent with curvelets that are known to compress seismic wavefields. By casting the wavefield extrapolation problem in this framework, wavefields can successfully be extrapolated in the modal domain via a computationally cheaper operation. A proof of principle for the ‘‘compressed sensing’’ method is given for wavefield extrapolation in 2-D. The results show that our method is stable and produces identical results compared to the direct application of the full extrapolation operator. \copyright2007 Society of Exploration Geophysicists

Citation Keylin2007SEGcwe1