Time domain least squares migration and dimensionality reduction

TitleTime domain least squares migration and dimensionality reduction
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsValentin Tschannen, Zhilong Fang, Felix J. Herrmann
Document NumberTR-EOAS-2014-9
KeywordsCompressive Sensing, sparsity promotion, Stochastic optimization, Wave equation migration

Least-squares seismic migration (LSM) is a wave equation based linearized inversion problem relying on the minimization of a least-squares misfit function, with respect to the medium perturbation, between recorded and modeled wavefields. Today’s challenges in Hydrocarbon ex- ploration are to build high resolution images of more and more complicated geological reservoirs, which requires to handle very large systems of equations. The extreme size of the problem com- bined with the fact that it is ill-conditioned make LSM not yet feasible for industrial purposes. To overcome this "curse of dimensionality", dimension reduction and divide-and-conquer tech- niques that aim to decrease the computation time and the required memory, while conserving the image quality, have recently been developed. By borrowing ideas from stochastic optimiza- tion and compressive sensing, the imaging problem is reformulated as an L1-regularized, sparsity promoted LSM. The idea is to take advantage of the compressibility of the model perturbation in the curvelet domain and to work on series of smaller subproblems each involving a small ran- domized subset of data. We try two different subset sampling strategies, artificial randomized simultaneous sources experiments ("supershots") and drawing sequential shots firing at random source locations. These subsets are changed after each subproblem is solved. In both cases we obtain good migration results at significantly reduced computational cost. Application of these methods to a complicated synthetic model yields to encouraging results, underlining the usefulness of sparsity promotion and randomization in time stepping formulation.

Citation Keytschannen2014tdl