A Digital Twin for Geological Carbon Storage with Controlled Injectivity

TitleA Digital Twin for Geological Carbon Storage with Controlled Injectivity
Publication TypeConference
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsAbhinav Prakash Gahlot, Haoyun Li, Ziyi Yin, Rafael Orozco, Felix J. Herrmann
Conference NameInternational Meeting for Applied Geoscience and Energy
KeywordsBayesian inference, conditional normalizing flows, control, deep learning, digital twin, GCS, IMAGE, SEG, sequential Bayes, Uncertainty quantification

We present an uncertainty-aware Digital Twin (DT) for geologic carbon storage (GCS), capable of handling multimodal time-lapse data and controlling CO2 injectivity to mitigate reservoir fracturing risks. In GCS, DT represents virtual replicas of subsurface systems that incorporate real-time data and advanced generative Artificial Intelligence (genAI) techniques, including neural posterior density estimation via simulation-based inference and sequential Bayesian inference. These methods enable the effective monitoring and control of CO2 storage projects, addressing challenges such as subsurface complexity, operational optimization, and risk mitigation. By integrating diverse monitoring data, e.g., geophysical well observations and imaged seismic, DT can bridge the gaps between seemingly distinct fields like geophysics and reservoir engineering. In addition, the recent advancements in genAI also facilitate DT with principled uncertainty quantification. Through recursive training and inference, DT utilizes simulated current state samples, e.g., CO2 saturation, paired with corresponding geophysical field observations to train its neural networks and enable posterior sampling upon receiving new field data. However, it lacks decision-making and control capabilities, which is necessary for full DT functionality. This study aims to demonstrate how DT can inform decision-making processes to prevent risks such as cap rock fracturing during CO2 storage operations.

Citation Keygahlot2024IMAGEdt