Velocity Continuation for Common Image Gathers with Fourier Neural Operators

TitleVelocity Continuation for Common Image Gathers with Fourier Neural Operators
Publication TypeConference
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsRichard Rex, Ziyi Yin, Felix J. Herrmann
Conference NameInternational Meeting for Applied Geoscience and Energy
KeywordsCIG, deep learning, FNO, IMAGE, Imaging, SEG, Uncertainty quantification, velocity continuation

Common-image gathers (CIGs) are pivotal in migration-velocity analysis (MVA). However, MVA is often hindered by the computational burden of traditional migration methods. To bypass these limitations, we introduce a neural-surrogate learning approach that utilizes Fourier Neural Operators (FNOs, Li et al. 2020) to accelerate MVA. Following the velocity-continuation scheme of Siahkoohi, Louboutin, and Herrmann (2022), we train a survey-specific FNO to map the CIGs associated with one migration-velocity model to another without remigration. This methodology leverages the capacity of FNOs to approximate complex PDE-based mappings, rendering computational cost at inference negligible, thereby expediting MVA. By enabling rapid generation and evaluation of CIGs across various velocity models, it offers a pathway to quickly examine velocity models according to preferred properties and to quantify uncertainties in imaged reflectivities at the same time. Additionally, this methodology paves the way for inverse design optimization, updating velocity models to produce CIGs with desirable characteristics.

Citation Keyrex2024IMAGEvc