Meet our digital twin for geological carbon storage

TitleMeet our digital twin for geological carbon storage
Publication TypePresentation
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsFelix J. Herrmann
KeywordsCCS, digital twin, GCS, ML4SEISMIC, SLIM

By embracing recent developments in simulation-based Bayesian inference—i.e., the task of deriving statistical information from a system based on in silico simulations—we envisage the development of an uncertainty-aware Digital Twin for seismic monitoring of Geologic Carbon Storage (GCS). According to IBM, “A digital twin is a virtual representation of an object or system that spans its lifecycle, is updated from real-time data, and uses simulation, machine learning and reasoning to help decision-making”. This Digital Twin will be designed to maximally benefit from vastly improved abilities to simulate complex phenomena, including the development of CO2 plumes in saline aquifers, and from the ability of neural networks to learn by example as part of inference. For GCS, this means that systematic assessment of uncertainties now becomes possible when observing CO2 plumes from time-lapse geophysical data (e.g., seismic). Because the proposed Digital Twin’s neural networks are taught to produce samples from the probability distribution for the CO2 plume conditioned by the observed time-lapse data, this approach will provide access to this information on uncertainty. As part of ML4Seismic, we are working on various aspects regarding the development of the Digital Twin including: (i) capability to generate realistic time-lapse data in response to CO2 injection in large strongly heterogeneous reservoirs. This simulation framework will facilitate the design of high-fidelity monitoring systems and is unique since it uses proxy Earth models with realistic CO2 plumes and heterogeneity; (ii) An inversion framework capable of producing high-fidelity time-lapse images of CO2 plumes and reservoir properties from time-lapse data collected in response to CO2 injection; (iii) uncertainty-aware data-assimilation framework based on techniques from sequential Bayes and capable of rapidly producing high-fidelity CO2 plume forecasts that are consistent with observed time-lapse data; (iv) A scalable uncertainty-aware early warning system designed to safeguard CO2 injection operations built on the latest insights from interpretable and trustworthy (explainable and robust) machine learning. After describing how to build a Digital Twin for GSC, early results will be presented on the use of Fourier Neural Networks as surrogates for the two-phase flow equations, seismic monitoring with our joint recovery model, and the use of spectral ratio to design low-cost acquisitions for time-lapse seismic.

Citation Keyherrmann2022ML4SEISMICmod