Generative Geostatistical Modeling from Incomplete Well and Imaged Seismic Observations

TitleGenerative Geostatistical Modeling from Incomplete Well and Imaged Seismic Observations
Publication TypeConference
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsHuseyin Tuna Erdinc, Rafael Orozco, Felix J. Herrmann
Conference NameInternational Meeting for Applied Geoscience and Energy
Keywordsdeep learning, diffusion, generative modeling, geostatistics, IMAGE, kriging, SEG, velocity model building

Diffusion generative models are powerful frameworks for learning high-dimensional distributions and synthesizing high-fidelity images. However, their efficacy in training predominantly hinges on the availability of complete, high-quality training datasets, a condition that often proves unattainable, particularly in the domain of subsurface velocity-model generation. In this work, we propose to synthesize proxy subsurface velocities from incomplete well and imaged seismic observations by introducing additional corruptions to the observations during the training phase. In this context, proxy velocity models refer to random realizations of subsurface velocities that are close in distribution to the actual subsurface velocities. These proxy models can be used as priors to train neural networks with simulation-based inference. Our approach facilitates the generation of these proxy velocity samples by utilizing available datasets composed merely of seismic images and 5 (for now) wells per seismic image.After training, our foundation generative model permits the generation of velocity samples derived from unseen RTMs without the need of having access to wells.

Citation Keyerdinc2024IMAGEggm