Fast imaging with surface-related multiples by sparse inversion

TitleFast imaging with surface-related multiples by sparse inversion
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsNing Tu, Felix J. Herrmann
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Keywordsapproximate message passing, Compressive Sensing, curvelet, inversion, Kaczmarz, multiples

In marine exploration seismology, surface-related multiples are usually treated as noise mainly because subsequent processing steps, such as migration velocity analysis and imaging, require multiple-free data. Failure to remove these wavefield components from the data may lead to erroneous estimates for migration velocity or result in strong coherent artefacts that interfere with the imaged reflectors. However, multiples can carry complementary information compared to primaries, as they interact with the free surface and are therefore exposed more to the subsurface. Recent work has shown that when processed correctly multiples can improve seismic illumination. Given a sufficiently accurate background velocity model and an estimate for the source signature, we propose a new and computationally efficient linearized inversion procedure based on two-way wave equations, which produces accurate images of the subsurface from the total upgoing wavefield including surface-related multiples. Modelling of the surface-related multiples in the proposed method derives from the well-known surface-related multiple elimination method. We incur a minimal overhead from incorporating the multiples by having the wave-equation solver carry out the multiple predictions via the inclusion of an areal source instead of expensive dense matrix-matrix multiplications. By using subsampling techniques, we obtain high-quality true-amplitude least-squares migrated images at computational costs of roughly a single reverse-time migration (RTM) with all the data. These images are virtually free of coherent artefacts from multiples. Proper inversion of the multiples would be computationally infeasible without using these techniques that significantly bring down the cost. By promoting sparsity in the curvelet domain and using rerandomization, out method gains improved robustness to errors in the background velocity model, and errors incurred in the linearization of the wave equation with respect to the model. We demonstrate the superior performance of the proposed method compared to the conventional RTM using realistic synthetic examples.


(Geophysical Journal International)

Citation Keytu2014fis