Constrained waveform inversion of colocated VSP and surface seismic data

TitleConstrained waveform inversion of colocated VSP and surface seismic data
Publication TypeConference
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsBrendan R. Smithyman, Bas Peters, Felix J. Herrmann
Conference NameEAGE Annual Conference Proceedings
KeywordsEAGE, VSP, waveform inversion

Constrained Full-Waveform Inversion (FWI) is applied to produce a high-resolution velocity model from both Vertical Seismic Profiling (VSP) and surface seismic data. The case study comes from the Permian Basin in Texas, USA. This dataset motivates and tests several new developments in methodology that enable recovery of model results that sit within multiple a priori constraint sets. These constraints are imposed through a Projected Quasi-Newton (PQN) approach, wherein the projection set is the intersection of physical property bounds and anisotropic wavenumber filtering. This enables the method to recover geologically-reasonable models while preserving the fast model convergence offered by a quasi-Newton optimization scheme like l-BFGS. In the Permian Basin example, low-frequency data from both arrays are inverted together and regularized by this projection approach. Careful choice of the constraint sets is possible without requiring tradeoff parameters as in a quadratic penalty approach to regularization. Multiple 2D FWI results are combined to produce an interpolated 3D model that is consistent with the models from migration velocity analysis and VSP processing, while offering improved resolution and illumination of features from both datasets.


(EAGE, Madrid)

Citation Keysmithyman2015EAGEcwi